Findings on happiness in Layard et al. (2009): study US 1972

Author(s)Layard, R.; Mayraz, G.; Nickell, S.J.
TitleDoes Relative Income Matter? Are the Critics Right?
SourceWorking paper SOEP No. 210, DIW, 2009, Berlin, Germany. (also published in: Diener E.;Helliwell J.E.; Kahneman D.;Eds.: ''International Differences in Well-Being'', Oxford University Press, 2010, 139 - 165)
Public30-55 aged white males, United States, 1972-2006
Last assesment2006
Survey nameUS-GSS
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =14836
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Page in publication3
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Average real income per adultshow  Relative to nation
Financial situation relative to othersshow  Later income
Happiness over timeshow  Trend in general public
Incomeshow  Trend happiness in income groups
Real income per adultshow  Household income
Satisfaction with incomeshow  Satisfaction with finances in nation
Satisfaction with incomeshow  Trend happiness in Unites States of America, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with incomeshow  Trend in special publics, also classified as above ↑