Findings on happiness in Koch et al. (2005): study DE 2002

Author(s)Koch, S.; Stephan, G.; Walwei, U.
TitleWorkfare: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen. (Workfare: Possibilities and Limitations).
SourceIAB Discusdsion Paper no. 17/2005, Nürnberg, Germany
Public18-65 aged, on low wage or on social security, Germany, 2002-2003
Survey nameNot available
 German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), waves 2002-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Receivers of social assistance and full-time working low wage workers selected from general population sample
Respondents N =2568
 Social security receivers: N=280, Workers on low wage: N=2288
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication24
RemarksMean is het weighed mean of full-time working minimum wage receivers and social assistance receivers.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.741.74

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Employment status, social assistanceE02abCurrent employment status
Employment status, social assistanceI01ad03dPaid work, also classified as above ↑
Employment status, social assistanceI01ad03cWelfare, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Household incomeI01ab03Household income
Level of being unfit for work activityH14acCurrent functional health
Living together with partnerH20ab01Living alone or not
NationalityN10acForeign nationalities in nation
RegionR01ab10Region in Germany
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
YearE03ab01aTrend in general public
Years of education in school and occupationE01ab01Years schooling