Findings on happiness in Layard et al. (2009): study ZZ Western Europe 1973

Author(s)Layard, R.; Mayraz, G.; Nickell, S.J.
TitleDoes Relative Income Matter? Are the Critics Right?
SourceWorking paper SOEP No. 210, DIW, 2009, Berlin, Germany. (also published in: Diener E.;Helliwell J.E.; Kahneman D.;Eds.: ''International Differences in Well-Being'', Oxford University Press, 2010, 139 - 165)
Public18+ aged general public, 16 EU countries, 1973-2007
Last assesment2007
Survey nameEU-Eurobarometer combined waves
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =1350000
 About 900 surveys with each about 1500 participants
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Page in publication13
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
GDP per capitashow  Gnp per capita (raw)