Findings on happiness in Benyamini et al. (2004): study US 1998

Author(s)Benyamini, Y.; Leventhal, E.A.; Leventhal, H.
TitleSelf-Rated Oral Health as an Independent Predictor of Self-Rated General Health, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2004, Vol. 59, 1109 - 1116
PublicResidents retirement community, USA, 1998
Survey nameNot available
 Rutgers Aging and Health (RAH) longitudinal study. Baseline survey
SampleProbability area sample
Respondents N =850
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 At home
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on four questions: A I am very satisfied with my life B These are the best years of my life C My life could be better than it is now D The quality of my life is poor Scoring 1 disagree strongly 2 3 4 5 agree strongly Computation: A+B+C+D/4 (C and D reversed)
Author's labelSelf-rated health
Page in publication1111-16
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.67

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab03Age difference among elderly
EducationE01abCurrent education
functional disabilityH14acCurrent functional health
Illness in medical historyH14aa01Earlier physical health
Medication useH12ac03Use of medicaments
Recent chronic illnessH14ab02dChronic illness
Recent chronic illnessH14aa01Earlier physical health, also classified as above ↑
Self rated healthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Self-esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Self-rated oral healthH14ab02bHealth domain ratings
Self-rated oral healthH14ad11aOral diseases (k00-14), also classified as above ↑
SexG01aaSex (male vs female)