Findings on happiness in Diener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005

Author(s)Diener, E.; Tay, L.
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
Last assesment2013
 Pooled samples obtained over this period driving these years a world wide economic recession occurred.
Survey nameGallup World Polls
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Respondents N =1229431
Non ResponseNot available
 Not reported.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 In addtion Interview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Author's labelSubjective well-being (SWB)
Page in publication136
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Annual incomeshow  Average income in nation
Annual income GINIshow  Income inequality in nation
Child respectshow  Attitudes to treatment of children in nation
Corruptionshow  Corruption in nation
Corruptionshow  Perceived corruption in nation, also classified as above ↑
Count on othersshow  Helping in nation
Freedomshow  Satisfaction with freedom in nation
GDPshow  Purchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Have computershow  Informatization in nation
Have electricityshow  Quality\quantity of facilities in nation
Have internetshow  Internet connections in nation
Have televisionshow  Number of TV channels in nation
Health problemshow  Physical health in nation
Honest electionshow  Attitudes to the state in nation
Hungryshow  Malnutrition in nation
Immigrants treated wellshow  Perceived treatment of migrants in nation
Life expectencyshow  Life-expectancy in the nation
LS GINIshow  Inequality in happiness in nation
LS GINIshow  Trend in general public, also classified as above ↑
LS GINIshow  Trend inequality of happiness in era, also classified as above ↑
No foodshow  Malnutrition in nation
No sheltershow  Homelessness in nation
Satisfaction with environment preservedshow  Satisfaction with environmental protection
Satisfaction with good air qualityshow  Satisfaction with natural environment
Satisfaction with good water qualityshow  Satisfaction with water supply in nation