Findings on happiness in Pavot et al. (1997): study US 1992

Author(s)Pavot, W.; Diener, E.; Fujita, F.
TitleThe Relationship between Self-Aspect Congruences Personality and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 1997, Vol. 22, 183 - 191
PublicUndergraduate students, USA, 199?
 Undergraduate students who participated in the study in exchange for extra course credit
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =110
Non Response4
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 2 sessions, 1 week apart
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!) 9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral) 5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low) 3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low) 1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down) Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
Author's labelsubjective well-being
Page in publication185
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Self-aspect congruenceshow  Real-ideal congruence