Findings on happiness in Shamir (1986): study IL 1983

Author(s)Shamir, B.
TitleProtestant work ethic, work involvement and the psychological impact of unemployment.
SourceJournal of Occupational Behaviour, 1986, Vol. 7, 25 - 38
Public27-47 aged academics, followed 6 months, Israel, 1983
Collect period4
Last assesment1983
Last collect period11
 T1: April 1983, T2 November 1983
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Individuals with academic qualifications who registered as unemployed with the Employment Service of the Israeli Ministry of Labour and Welfare in all parts of Israel
Respondents N =432
 T1: 432, T2: 298
Non Response31.5 %
 Non-response at T1: 31,5%, Drop-out at T2: 61,5%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "On the whole, how is your general mood these days....?" 1 bad almost all the time 2 3 4 5 good almost all the time"
Author's labelGenerale morale
Page in publication30
RemarksT1: M=3.6, SD=0.94, T2: not reported
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.94

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Protestant work ethicW05acCurrent motivation to work
Protestant work ethicW05aa01aEarlier motivation to work, also classified as above ↑
Work involvementW05acCurrent motivation to work
Work involvementW05aa01aEarlier motivation to work, also classified as above ↑