Findings on happiness in Shamir (1985a): study IL 1983

Author(s)Shamir, B.
TitleUnemployment and 'Free Time'. The Role of Protestant Work Ethic and Work Involvement.
SourceLeisure Studies, 1985, Vol. 4, 333 - 345
Public27-47 aged unemployed male academics, Israel, 1983
Collect period4-6
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Questionnaires were mailed to individuals with academic qualifications who registered as unemployed with the Employment Service of the Israeli Ministry of Labour and Welfare in all parts of Israel between September 1982 and April 1983.
Respondents N =59
 Number of unemployed male respondents. Whole survey consisted of 435 respondents, respondence to whole survey was 38,5 %
Non Responsen.a.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
General remarksOnly significant findings for unemployed male individuals are reported in the study.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "On the whole, how is your general mood these days....?" 1 bad almost all the time 2 3 4 5 good almost all the time"
Author's labelGenerale morale
Page in publication337
RemarksWhole survey of 435 respondents: M=3,6 SD=0,94
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Reading books as a leisure activityA02ac05Leisure
Reading books as a leisure activityL03ac02hReading, also classified as above ↑
Study as a leisure activityL03ac02hReading
Study as a leisure activityA02ac11Studying, also classified as above ↑