Findings on happiness in Joiner et al. (1996): study US 1996

Author(s)Joiner, T.E.; Catanzaro, S.J.; Laurent, J.
TitleTripartite Structure of Positive and Negative Affect, Depression, and Anxiety in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatients.
SourceJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 1996, Vol.105, 401 - 409
Public8-16 aged psychiatric inpatients, USA,1996
Survey nameNot available
 Own survey
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =116
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentRating by experts
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way in the past 2 weeks. A nervous B stressed out C afraid D jumpy E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K angry L active M satisfied N lively O eager P alert Q paying good attention R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS (adapted version for children)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation6.56