Findings on happiness in Dräger (2015): study DE 1995

Author(s)Dräger, V.
TitleDo Employment Protection Reforms Affect Well-Being?
SourceIZA Discussion Paper, 2015, No. 9114, 1 - 44, Germany
PublicEmployees, Germany, followed 6 years,1995-2001
 15-65 aged employed in private firms, divided in 4 groups: Temporary jobs vs. permanent; small firms vs. large firms
Collect period1995
Last collect period2000
 Reform A 1996: survey 1995-1998 Reform B 1999: survey 1997-2001
Survey nameDE-SOEP
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 The sample was a selection of the SOEP survey, limited to employed only.
Respondents N =4120
 Reform A (1996): Temporary workers: In the pre-reform sample (1995) N=486, in the post-reform sample (1996) N=406. Permanent workers: In the pre-reform sample (1995) N=3634, in the post-reform sample (1996) N=3325 Reform B (1999): Temporary workers: In the pre-reform sample (1998) N=590, in the post-reform sample (2001) N=786. Permanent workers: In the pre-reform sample N=3818, in the post-reform sample N=5191
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication12
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.66

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Employment protection legislation reformshow  Change in work-conditions
Employment protection legislation reformshow  Job protection in nation, also classified as above ↑
Employment protection legislation reformshow  Security of job, also classified as above ↑