Findings on happiness in Yerxa & Baum (1970): study US 1986

Author(s)Yerxa, E.J.; Baum, S.
TitleEngagement In Daily Occupations And Life Satisfaction Among People With Spinal Cord Injuries.
SourceOcupational Therapy Jpournal of Research, 1970, Vol..6,. 271 - 283
DOIDoi:: 10.1177/153944928600600502
PublicSpinal cord injured and controls, USA, 1986
 15 patients and 12 healthy respondents, matched on demographics and other characteristics.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 150 subjects were selected from a file of medical clinic patients. Of these 58 agreed to participate. Spine injury patients were asked to contact a friend of the same age and sex but who was not disabled. 3 of these cohorts were eliminated because they too had chronic disabilities. Therefore the final sample included 15 respondents with spinal chord injuries and 12 nondisanbled subjects. All subjects were paid $10 for participating.
Respondents N =27
 15 respondents with spine injury and 12 nondisabled respondents
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how happy would you say you are right now......? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (10) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (1) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life for you [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] worst possible life for you Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication278
RemarksWeighed average computed by WDH-team. Spine patients M=5.86 SD=1.70 Nondisabled M=6.50 SD=1.31
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.531.70

Full textSelfreport on single question: In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....? 3 completely satisfying 2 pretty satisfying 1 not very satisfying
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Spinal cord injuryH14ad06eTetraplegia
Time spent on activitiesH02acAttitudes to handicap
Time spent on activitiesI03aeAttitudes to own intelligence, also classified as above ↑
Time spent on activitiesP01ab01Daily life tasks, also classified as above ↑
Time spent on activitiesH21ac01Satisfaction with household activities, also classified as above ↑
Time spent on activitiesS02ae01aSatisfaction with own abilities, also classified as above ↑
Time spent on activitiesC08ac01Satisfaction with own competences, also classified as above ↑