Findings on happiness in Berger (2013): study DE 1994

Author(s)Berger, E.M.
TitleHappy Working Mothers? Investigating the Effect of Maternal Employment on Life Satisfaction.
SourceEconomica, 2013, Vol. 80, 23 - 43
PublicMothers, Germany, followed 15 years, 1994-2009
 Working-age women with at least one child under age 14
Last assesment2009
Survey nameDE-SOEP combined waves
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Respondents N =5150
 32.364 person/year observations
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication27
Remarksmode: 8
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.691.69

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Household incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Maternal employmentshow  Current employment status
Maternal employmentshow  Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Maternal employmentshow  Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Maternal employmentshow  Not in labour force, also classified as above ↑
Maternal employmentshow  Part-time working of house-wives, also classified as above ↑
Maternal employmentshow  Reasons for change in employment, also classified as above ↑
Maternal employmentshow  Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑