Findings on happiness in Daukantaite & Zukauskiene (2006): study SE 1998

Author(s)Daukantaite, D.; Zukauskiene, R.
TitleSwedish and Lithuanian employed women’s subjective well-being.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Welfare, 2006, Vol 15, 23 - 30
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2397.2006.00441.x
PublicMiddle-aged employed Swedish women 1998
Survey nameIDA Individual Development and Adaptation
 cohort study (THE FIRST DATA COLLECTION was made in 1965 for three complete school-grade cohorts of children from the town of Örebro, aged about 10, 13, and 15, respectively. The youngest one, called the main group, and the cohort aged 13 in 1965, called the pilot group, have been followed to adult age. Each cohort comprises about 1100 boys and girls. …… AT AGE 43 a new large data collection was carried out for the women in the main group (n=569).
SampleNo sample: full population
 all full-time or part-time employed women in the IDA cohort
Respondents N =316
Non Response23 %
 non reponse only reported for all women, including the unmployed
AssesmentMultiple methods
 personal interview plus questionnaires
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. As I read each item, I ask that you refer to your response card an d tell me to wgat extent you have felt in that way during the past year : A excited B enthusiastic C alert D inspired E determined F distressed G scared H upset I nervous J ashamed Answer options: 1 not at all 2 a little 3 somewhat 4 quite a bit 5 very much Negative affect score (NAS): F to J Positive affect score (PAS): A to G Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Shortened Watson's PANAS; Kiercher version
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
Page in publicationS25
RemarksABS computed by WDH team
Error estimatescronbach's alpha PA 0.84, NA 0.87
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Child statusC04ab01Age of children
Child statusC03ab02Children in the household, also classified as above ↑
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Personal incomeI01ab01Personal income