Findings on happiness in Kuiper & Martin (1998a): study CA Ontario 1993

Author(s)Kuiper, N.A.; Martin, R.A.
TitleSense of Humor, self-concept, and Psychological Well-Being in psychiatric Inpatients.
SourceHumor, 1998, Vol. 11, 357 -381
PublicPsychiatric patients, Ontario Canada, 199?
 Depressed and schizophrenic inpatients at a provicial psychiatric hospital
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
 psychiatrists were approached to select eligible patients
Respondents N =56
 happiness scores presented for 56 out of 74 participants
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
 questionnaires completed individually on a computer in a comfortable room in the hospital in the presence of a research assistant for help - if needed.
General remarksyear not reported, assumed 1993
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way during the last day A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS ('past few days' version)
Author's labelPositive and negative affect scale
Page in publication368
RemarksPA and NA presented seperately, ABS computed by WDH team
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
ICD-9 diagnosis groupH13acCurrent specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
ICD-9 diagnosis groupH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33), also classified as above ↑
ICD-9 diagnosis groupH13ac03aSchizophrenic (f20), also classified as above ↑