Findings on happiness in Kilpatrick & Cantril (1960): study US 1955

Author(s)Kilpatrick, F.P.; Cantril, H.
TitleSelf-Anchoring Scaling: A Measure of Individuals' Unique Reality Worlds.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1960, Vol. 16, 158 - 173
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 195?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 20 African Americans, 20 Immigrants, 20 Farmers, 20 Junior Executives, 20 College Teachers
Respondents N =100
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksExploratory study for test of measurement method
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Categories of adult Americansshow  Being a farmer
Categories of adult Americansshow  Current occupation, also classified as above ↑
Categories of adult Americansshow  Ethnic status in the USA, also classified as above ↑
Categories of adult Americansshow  Ever migrated or not, also classified as above ↑