Findings on happiness in Parks et al. (2012): study US 2006

Author(s)Parks, A.C.; Della Porta, M.D.; Pierce, R.S.
TitlePursuing Happiness in Everyday Life: The Characteristics and Behaviors of Online Happiness Seekers.
SourceEmotion, Advance online publication, 2012, 1 - 15
DOIdoi: 10.1037/a0028587
PublicUsers self-help website, USA, 2006-07
 Female (77%), Caucasian (87%), small other ethnicities.
Collect periodJuly
Last assesment2007
Last collect periodFebruari
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 N was drawn from a larger dataset.
Respondents N =912
 About half of the self help seekers is clinically depressed. The other half is just not too happy.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
General remarksNot reported.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate how often you feel this way in the present. A upset B hostile C alert D ashamed E inspired F nervous G determined H attentive I afraid J active Answer options: 1 never 2 3 4 5 always Computation: (C=E+G+H+J)/5 - (A+B+D+F+I)/5 Name: Watson et al's PANAS, International short form I-PANAS-SF
Author's labelPositive and Negative Affect Scale
Page in publication3
RemarksRatio PA-NA, 2.15 to 1.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -20 - 20On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation