Findings on happiness in Parks et al. (2012): study ZZ Developed nations 2007

Author(s)Parks, A.C.; Della Porta, M.D.; Pierce, R.S.
TitlePursuing Happiness in Everyday Life: The Characteristics and Behaviors of Online Happiness Seekers.
SourceEmotion, Advance online publication, 2012, 1 - 15
DOIdoi: 10.1037/a0028587
PublicUsers of on-line self-help program, USA, 200?
 User of Iphone application 'Live Happy'
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Data gathering was part of the 'Live happy' on-line self-help program
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =327
Non ResponseNot available
 Of the 2928 users only 237 took the current mood assesment on at least two occasions
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
General remarksYear not reported, assumed 2007
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 6 questions on mood of the moment How do you feel right now A sad/happy B timid/confident C ashamed/unashamed D gloomy/cheerful E irritable/ good natured F afraid/unafraid Rated on coloured slider scalein which red indicates the negative extreme and yellow the positive extreme, with shaded colours in the middle 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Author's labelMood measure
Page in publication9
RemarksUse of the mood questionnaire was optional and only some 10% of the participants used it more than once. Average number of days betwee uses: 8,74
Error estimatesConbach alpha = .86
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Happiness increasing activityshow  Actual changes in happiness
Happiness increasing activityshow  No particular setting, recruitment on interest, also classified as above ↑
Happiness increasing activityshow  Online intervention, also classified as above ↑
Happiness increasing activityshow  Self-help, also classified as above ↑
Happiness increasing activityshow  Trainings for multiple mental skills, also classified as above ↑
Happiness increasing activityshow  Voluntary, unsolicited, also classified as above ↑