Findings on happiness in Cantril & Roll (1971): study US 1964

Author(s)Cantril, H.; Roll, C.W.
TitleHopes and Fears of the American People.
SourceUniverse Books, 1971, New York, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1964-1971
Last assesment1971
 1964 + 1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Multi-stage probability sample stratified by size of locality. (1971)
Respondents N =1588
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarksData 1964: survey conducted by the Institute for Social Research. The same happiness question was used.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelPersonal ladder rating, present
Page in publication66
Remarks1964: 6,85, 1971: 6.56; mean 6.65
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Community sizeshow  Community size
Educational levelshow  Level of school-education
Incomeshow  Current socio-economic status
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Non-labor forceshow  Current employment status
Occupationshow  Current occupation
Political affi- liationshow  Current political (party) preference
Raceshow  Ethnic status in the USA
Region in USAshow  Region in USA