Findings on happiness in Averina, M. et al. (2005): study RU Archangelsk 1999

Author(s)Averina, M., M.; Brox, J.; Nilsson, O.
TitleSocial and lifestyle determinants of depression, aniety, sleeping disorders and self-evaluated quality of life in Russia
SourceSoc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemol (2005) 40: 511-518
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s00127-005-0918-x
Public15+ aged general public, Arkhangelsk, Russia, 2000
 Registered at one of the outpatient clinics in Arkhangelsk
Collect period11
Last assesment2000
Last collect period11
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability area sample
 Population based survey of residents registered at one of the outpatient clinics in Arkhangelsk
Respondents N =3705
Non ResponseNot available
 40 persons refused to participate in the survey
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 A six page questionnaire with 111 questions was administered
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Author's labelSelf evaluated quality of life
Page in publication514
RemarksMean computed by WDH team from 5.8 males and 5,3 females (age adjusted 5,5 and 5,2) 26 % unhappy (< 5):
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.80

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Alcohol use disordershow  Alcoholic (f10)
Alcohol use disordershow  Problems with addiction, also classified as above ↑
Circulatory diseasesshow  Diseases of circulatory system (i00-99)
Civil statusshow  Married vs divorced
Civil statusshow  Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
Civil statusshow  Married vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Gastrointestinal diseasesshow  Diseases of digestive system (k00-93)
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Incomeshow  Personal income
Incomeshow  Source of current income, also classified as above ↑
Low consumption (of nutrients)show  What one eats
Smokingshow  Use of tobacco
Unsatisfied with nutritionshow  Attitudes to one's nutrition