Findings on happiness in Nikolova (2016a): study ZZ EU 27 1994

Author(s)Nikolova, M.
TitleMinding the Happiness Gap: PoliticalIinstitutions and Perceived Quality of Life in Transition.
SourceEuropean Journal of Political Economy, 2016, Vol. 45, 129 - 148
Public18+ aged general public, 27 EU member states, 1994-2013
Last assesment2013
Survey nameWVS: combined waves
 Pooled Values Surveys 1981-2014, constructed from EVS Longitudinal Data File 1981-2008 and the World Value Survey 1981-2004.
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Respondents N =90181
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication142
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Age, age squaredshow  Current age (in years)
Full-time employeeshow  Full-time vs part-time
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Good healthshow  Self-perceived health
Inflationshow  Inflation in nation
Log GDP per capita (2011 PPP)show  Gross National Product
Maried or living togethershow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Number of membershipsshow  Membership of voluntary organizations
Number of own childrenshow  Number of children
Relative incomeshow  Relative income
Religionshow  Religious (vs not)
Social trustshow  Trust in people
Some college/college diplomashow  Level of school-education
Transition countryshow  Post communist nation
Transition countryshow  Trend happiness in European Union, also classified as above ↑
Unemployment rateshow  Unemployment in nation