Findings on happiness in Ford et al. (2013): study ZZ Anglo-America 2002

Author(s)Ford, P.A.; Jaceldo-Siegl, K.; Lee, J.W.
TitleIntake of Meditteranean Foods Associated with Positive and Low Negative Affect
SourceJournal of psychosomatic research, 74 (2013) 142 - 148
DOIdoi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.11.002
Public30+ aged, Adventist church atendees, North America 2002-2007
Survey nameNot available
 Adventist Health Study-2
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =9255
 Excluded from this study were those less than 35 years old (132), ethnicities other than Black and White (700), non Seventh Day Adventists (363), current smokers (87), subjects with estimated energy intake less than 500 and more than 4500 kcal a day, and incomplete dietary data (451)
Non Response45%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. As I read each item, I ask that you refer to your response card an d tell me to wgat extent you have felt in that way during the past year : A excited B enthusiastic C alert D inspired E determined F distressed G scared H upset I nervous J ashamed Answer options: 1 not at all 2 a little 3 somewhat 4 quite a bit 5 very much Negative affect score (NAS): F to J Positive affect score (PAS): A to G Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Shortened Watson's PANAS; Kiercher version
Author's labelAffect
Page in publication144,145
RemarksAffect Balance computed by WDH team
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Dairyshow  What one eats
Fast food frequencyshow  What one eats
Fishshow  What one eats
Fresh fruitsshow  What one eats
Fresh vegetablesshow  What one eats
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Legumesshow  What one eats
Nutsshow  What one eats
Olive oilshow  What one eats
Processed meatshow  What one eats
Red meatshow  What one eats
Sodashow  What one eats
Sweets and dessertsshow  What one eats