Findings on happiness in Tay et al. (2017a): study US 2012

Author(s)Tay, L.; Batz-Barbarich, C; Kuykendall, L.; Parrigon, S.
TitleDebt and Subjective Well-being: The Other Side of the Income-Happiness Coin
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2017, Vol. 18, 90-3 - 937
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s10902-016-9758-5
Public18+ aged employed collage graduates with Internet access, USA, 201?
Survey nameUS-Gallup-Purdue Index (GPI)
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
 Representative sample of college graduates with Internet access in the United States
Respondents N =2781
 Participants were included in this analysis if they were employed, provided complete data on the variables of interest, and graduated within the last 10 years.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
General remarksYear of data gathering not reported, assumed 2012
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication916
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.531.53

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Loans (logged)P12ab03Debts