Findings on happiness in Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003

Author(s)Cheng, H.; Furnham, A.
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
PublicStudents, London, UK, 2003
 final year secondary school pupils and first year undergraduate students tested within 2 weeks of arriving at university. Mean age 18.
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =234
Non Response0%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelBradburn Affect Balance Scale
Page in publication925-927
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelThe Gurin Scale (single item)
Page in publication926-927
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Beck Depression InventoryH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
ExtraversionH13ab02bScores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
Father's employmentF01ai02Unemployment of parents
FriendsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
HappyH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB
LeisureL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
Lie scaleP05atDefensive
Mother's employmentF01ai02Unemployment of parents
Negative affectA03ab03Hedonic tone in affect
Negative affectH13ab02bScores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
NeuroticismH13ac05cNeurotic (f48)
Oxford Happiness InventoryL04ahHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items
Parental divorceF01ab02Number of parents (broken home)
Positive AffectA03abCurrent affective life
Positive AffectH13ab02bScores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
Relationship with parentsF01ad02Relations with parents
RomanceL19abCurrent love-life
Self -esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole