Findings on happiness in Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003

Author(s)Cheng, H.; Furnham, A.
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
PublicStudents, London, UK, 2003
 final year secondary school pupils and first year undergraduate students tested within 2 weeks of arriving at university. Mean age 18.
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =234
Non Response0%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelBradburn Affect Balance Scale
Page in publication925-927
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelThe Gurin Scale (single item)
Page in publication926-927
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Beck Depression Inventoryshow  Depressive (f31-33)
Extraversionshow  Extraverted
Extraversionshow  Scores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
Father's employmentshow  Unemployment of parents
Friendsshow  Satisfaction with friends
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Happyshow  O-HL by A-AB
Leisureshow  Satisfaction with leisure
Lie scaleshow  Defensive
Mother's employmentshow  Unemployment of parents
Negative affectshow  Hedonic tone in affect
Negative affectshow  Scores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
Neuroticismshow  Neurotic (f48)
Oxford Happiness Inventoryshow  Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items
Parental divorceshow  Number of parents (broken home)
Positive Affectshow  Current affective life
Positive Affectshow  Scores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
Psychoticismshow  Psychotic
Relationship with parentsshow  Relations with parents
Romanceshow  Current love-life
Self -esteemshow  Evaluation of self-as-a-whole