Findings on happiness in Lau et al. (2004): study HK 2002

Author(s)Lau, A.L.D.; Cummins, R.A.; McPherson, W.
TitleAn Investigation into the Cross-Cultural Equivalence of the Personal Well-Being Index.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 72, 403 - 430
Public18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2002
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
 Recruitement through university students paid an honorarium to recruit people they knew.
Respondents N =180
 Group 1:(aged 18-35 year) N=60 Group 2:(aged 30-64 year): N=60 Group 3:(aged 65 year and older):N=60
Non Response0
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole? 1 very dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 neutral 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole
Page in publication409
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.541.54

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Satisfaction with CommunityL17ac04Satisfaction with social contacts in vinicity
Satisfaction with future SecurityL04ac01oSecure (vs threatened)
Satisfaction with HealthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with multiple domains of lifeL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Satisfaction with own accomplishmentsS02ae02Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Satisfaction with own accomplishmentsL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with RelationshipI07af02Satisfaction with intimacy
Satisfaction with SafetyL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in vinicity
Satisfaction with Standard of LivingI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living