Findings on happiness in Lewis & Joseph (1997): study GB Northern Ireland 1993

Author(s)Lewis, C.A.; Joseph, S.
TitleThe Depression-Happiness Scale: A Measure of a State or Trait? Test-Retest Data over Two Years.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1997, Vol. 81, 1313 - 1314
PublicFemale university students, Northern Ireland, followed 2 years, 1993-1995
 University of Ulster at Coleraine.
Collect period11
 T1: November 1993: T2 November 1995
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =14
Non Response0
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 25 questions: A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week. A I felt sad B I felt I had failed as a person C I felt dissatisfied with my life D I felt mentally alert E I felt disappointed with myself F I felt cheerful G I felt life wasn't worth living H I felt satisfied with my life I I felt healthy J I felt life crying K I felt I had been successful L I felt happy M I felt I couldn't make decisions N I felt unattractive O I felt optimistic about the future P I felt life was rewording Q I felt cheerless R I felt life has a purpose S I felt too tired to do anything T I felt pleased with the way I am U I felt lethargic V I found it easy to make decisions W I felt life was enjoyable X I felt life was meaningless Y I felt run down Answer options: 0 never 1 rarely 2 sometimes 3 often Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C, E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y. Positive affect score (PAS): D, F, H, I, K, L, O, P, R, T, V, W. Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39 Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale' (DHS)
Author's labelDepression- Happiness Scale
Page in publication2
RemarksAs assessed at T2 T1: mean 51,1; SD: 10,7
Error estimatesCronbach alpha .93
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 75On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation11.30

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Stability of happinessshow  Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)