Findings on happiness in Fritsch et al. (2018): study ZZ Europe 2013

Author(s)Fritsch, M.; Sorgner, A.; Wyrwich, M.
TitleSelf-Employment and Well-Being Across Institutional Contexts
SourceJENA Economic Research Papers, 2018, Nr. 5, 1 - 43
Public18+aged,working people, 32 European countries, 2013
Survey nameEU SILC 2013
 The EU Statistics on Income and living Conditions(EU-SILC), 2013, includes an ad-hoc module on well-being.
SampleSelection from general population sample
 Only the self-employed person who works full-time or part-time to earn a profit and the paid employees who works for an employer annd receive compensation in both waves are included.
Respondents N =161127
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? 0 not at all satisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication9, 41
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Entrepreneurial climateN04ab03Entrepreneurial climate in nation
Firm sizeO01ac01eaNumber of subordinates
Firm sizeO01ab02baSize of one's enterprise, also classified as above ↑
Health statusH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Male sexeG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marriage statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Self-employedE02ae03Self employed
Type of economyN04ab11Socio-economic regime in the nation
Working hoursW04ab22Work hours