Findings on happiness in Constantinople (1970): study US 1965

Author(s)Constantinople, A.P.
TitleSome Correlates of Average Level of Happiness among College Students.
SourcePaper 1970 based on unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicUndergraduate college students, University of Rochester, USA, followed 12 month, 1965-68
Last assesment1968
 T1: March 1965, T2: March 1968 (N=88)
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample of undergraduate students recruited from classes of students from 10 departments of the University of Rochester (students from the Constantinople (1965) sample; see CONST 1965). 157 male freshmen and sophomores, 125 male juniors and seniors, 189 female freshmen and sophomores, 110 female junior and seniors. 88 freshmen (48 males, 40 females) participated in a follow-up in their senior years.
Respondents N =581
 T1: 581, T2: 88
Non Response50% return of mailed questionnaire.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
  Questionnaire completed in class and amailed questionnaire 3 yrs later.
General remarksData partly drawn from an unpublished paper send by the autor. Questionnaire at T2 send to fresmen only (N=88)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In thinking over the past year, indicate how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you have felt in the last year? 10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy 9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight and buoyancy. 8 Elated and in high spirits. 7 Feeling very good and cheerful. 6 Feeling pretty good , "OK". 5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so. 4 Spirits low and somewhat "blue". 3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely "blue". 2 Tremendously depressed. Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful". 1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
Author's labelHappiness.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Perceived instrumentality of collegeshow  Perceived usefulness of schooling
Psycho-social developmentshow  Current stage of development