Findings on happiness in Herbers & Mulder (2017): study ZZ Europe 2012

Author(s)Herbers, D.J.; Mulder, C.H.
TitleHousing and Subjective Well-Being of Older Adults in Europe.
SourceJournal of Housing and the Built Environment, 2017, Vol. 32, 533 - 558
Public50+ aged, general public, 16 European nations, 2012
Survey nameSHARE wave 4
 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)
SampleSelection from general population sample
Respondents N =36015
 Original sample: N=58.489. From each household the family and household respondent was selected (N=37.122). 287 respondents younger than 50 and 778 respondents with missing information were excluded from the analysis.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Computer assisted and additionally paper questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question All things considered, to what extend are you satisfied with your life? 0 minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 maximum
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publicationtable 1
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Countryshow  Current nation of residence
Degree of urbanizationshow  Community size
Degree of urbanizationshow  Urbanization, also classified as above ↑
Dwelling sizeshow  Surface of house
Education levelshow  Level of school-education
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Household compositionshow  Current household-composition
Household compositionshow  Family composition, also classified as above ↑
Housing tenureshow  House owned or rented
Housing tenureshow  Mortgage (on home), also classified as above ↑
Labour-market statusshow  Current employment status
Labour-market statusshow  Current status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
Labour-market statusshow  Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Self-reported healthshow  Self-perceived health
Skill level of the jobshow  Occupational level