Findings on happiness in Herbers & Mulder (2017): study ZZ Europe 2012

Author(s)Herbers, D.J.; Mulder, C.H.
TitleHousing and Subjective Well-Being of Older Adults in Europe.
SourceJournal of Housing and the Built Environment, 2017, Vol. 32, 533 - 558
Public50+ aged, general public, 16 European nations, 2012
Survey nameSHARE wave 4
 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)
SampleSelection from general population sample
Respondents N =36015
 Original sample: N=58.489. From each household the family and household respondent was selected (N=37.122). 287 respondents younger than 50 and 778 respondents with missing information were excluded from the analysis.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Computer assisted and additionally paper questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question All things considered, to what extend are you satisfied with your life? 0 minimum 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 maximum
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publicationtable 1
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
CountryN10abCurrent nation of residence
Degree of urbanizationL13ab02Community size
Degree of urbanizationN05ab04Urbanization, also classified as above ↑
Dwelling sizeH22ab03eSurface of house
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Household compositionH20abCurrent household-composition
Household compositionF02abFamily composition, also classified as above ↑
Housing tenureH22ab01aHouse owned or rented
Housing tenureP12ab03bMortgage (on home), also classified as above ↑
Labour-market statusE02abCurrent employment status
Labour-market statusR14abCurrent status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
Labour-market statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Self-reported healthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Skill level of the jobO01ac01Occupational level