Findings on happiness in Forjaz et al. (2012): study ES 2012

Author(s)Forjaz, M.J.; Ayala, A.; Rodriguez-Blazquez, C.
TitleRasch Analysis of the International Wellbeing Index in Older Adults.
SourceInternational Psychogeriatrics, 2012, Vol. 24, 324 - 332
Public60+ aged, community-dwlling adults, Spain, 2012
 aged: mean: 72,1 ; sd: 8,8 ; gender: 43,7 % man; 56,3% women; education level: 70,7% primary or lower education; 58,5% married or with partner.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Randomly selected and stratified by: region; agegroups; sex; and town population size.
Respondents N =1106
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole? 0 completely unsatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 neither unsatisfied nor satisfied 6 7 8 9 10 completely satisfied First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used since 2005)
Author's labelSatisfaction with life in general.
Page in publication325-326
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.601.60

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
National Well-being Indexshow  Current satisfaction with nation
Personal Well-being Indexshow  Satisfaction with multiple domains of life