Findings on happiness in Crost (2016): study DE 1992

Author(s)Crost, B.
TitleCan Workfare Programs Offset The Negative Effect of Unemployment on Subjective Well-Being?
SourceEconomics Letters, 2016, Vol. 140, 42 - 47
Public18-65 aged, general public, Germany, followed 12 years 1992-2004
 Working age individuals
Collect period1992
Last collect period2004
 Combined waves
Survey nameDE-SOEP combined waves
 Combined waves 1992-2004
SampleSelection from general population sample
Respondents N =6442
 6442 individuals, 648067 observations,
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication43,44
RemarksWithin individuals: s.d.= 1,18
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.731.73

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Workfareshow  Earlier workfare