Findings on happiness in Bakalim & Karckay (2017): study US 2015

Author(s)Bakalim, O.; Karckay, A.T.
TitleEffect of Group Counseling on Happiness, Life Satisfaction and Positive-Negative Affect: A Mixed Method Study.
SourceJournal of Human Sciences, 2017, Vol. 14, 624 - 632
PublicStudents, before and after a 6 week counseling course,, USA, 2015 - 2016
 Students followed before and after 8 weeks, 18 females, 10 males, third class Psychological Counseling Guidance
Collect period2015
Last assesment2016
Last collect period2016
 Acadamic years 2015-2016
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Students volunteered to participate
Respondents N =28
 18 females, 10 males
Non ResponseNot available
 not reported
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Participants complerted scales
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions: Lead item not reported. A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H excited I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Rated: 1: slightly/not at all . . 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
Page in publication626
Error estimatesPA and NA: 10 items each, items not reported. (Watson et al, 1988) Cronbach alpha PA: .83; NA: .86; test-retest reliability r =.45 and .54 respectively
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Group Counseling Interventionshow  Actual changes in happiness
Group Counseling Interventionshow  Change in competences, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling Interventionshow  Mono sort, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling Interventionshow  Multiple treatment moments, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling Interventionshow  Social competences, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling Interventionshow  Support group without profesional, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling Interventionshow  Voluntary, unsolicited, also classified as above ↑