Findings on happiness in Bakalim & Karckay (2017): study US 2015

Author(s)Bakalim, O.; Karckay, A.T.
TitleEffect of Group Counseling on Happiness, Life Satisfaction and Positive-Negative Affect: A Mixed Method Study.
SourceJournal of Human Sciences, 2017, Vol. 14, 624 - 632
PublicStudents, before and after a 6 week counseling course,, USA, 2015 - 2016
 Students followed before and after 8 weeks, 18 females, 10 males, third class Psychological Counseling Guidance
Collect period2015
Last assesment2016
Last collect period2016
 Acadamic years 2015-2016
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Students volunteered to participate
Respondents N =28
 18 females, 10 males
Non ResponseNot available
 not reported
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Participants complerted scales
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions: Lead item not reported. A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H excited I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Rated: 1: slightly/not at all . . 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
Page in publication626
Error estimatesPA and NA: 10 items each, items not reported. (Watson et al, 1988) Cronbach alpha PA: .83; NA: .86; test-retest reliability r =.45 and .54 respectively
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Group Counseling InterventionH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
Group Counseling InterventionC08aa02Change in competences, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling InterventionH16ae04aMono sort, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling InterventionH16ae03bMultiple treatment moments, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling InterventionC08ab08Social competences, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling InterventionH16ae01acSupport group without profesional, also classified as above ↑
Group Counseling InterventionH16ae05dVoluntary, unsolicited, also classified as above ↑