Findings on happiness in Froh et al. (2008): study US 2006

Author(s)Froh, J.J.; Emmons, R.A.; Sefick, W. J.
TitleCounting Blessing in Early Adolescents: An Experimental Study of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of School Psychology, 2008, Vol. 46, 213 - 233
Public12-17 aged participants in a gratitude exercise and controls, USA 2006
 Early middle school students, 49,8% males and 40,7% females; 9,5% failed to reort. Students were randomly assigned to gratitude (76), hassles (80) or control condition (65), for a period of 2 weeks. Mean age 12,17; SD = .67.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Questionires and excesices ere administered to 11 classes of 6 and 7 grade middle schools in the context of a mandatory curriculum
Respondents N =221
Non ResponseNot available
 3 classes dropped out due to misunderstandings
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksPartial replicate of Emmons and McCullough (2003): Counting Blessings versus Burdens: an Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and SubjectiveWel-being in Daily Life.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How did you feel about your life-as-a-whole.during the past few weeks? -3 terrible -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 delighted Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (modified version)
Author's labelLife satisfaction in past few weeks
Page in publication219
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Gratitude increasing interventionshow  Actual changes in happiness
Gratitude increasing interventionshow  Count blessings/curses, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude increasing interventionshow  Exercise, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude increasing interventionshow  Gratitude training, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude increasing interventionshow  Mandatory, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude increasing interventionshow  Mono sort, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude increasing interventionshow  Multiple treatment moments, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude increasing interventionshow  School, also classified as above ↑
Reported gratitude in response to aidshow  Thankfull