Findings on happiness in MacLeod et al. (2008): study GB London 2008

Author(s)MacLeod, A.K.; Coates, E.; Hetherton, J.
TitleIncreasing Well-being through Teaching Goal-Setting and Planning Skills: Results of a Brief Intervention.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2008, Vol. 9, 185 - 196
PublicParticipants in a goal training and controls, London, United Kingdom, 2008
 Intervention group: 23 women, 6 men, mean age 26 years (range 18-53; SD=11.5), Controls: 27 women, 8 men, mean age 24 years (range 18-60; SD=10.5)
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 The sample consisted of an experiemntal and a control group. The experimental group consisted of 5 people recruited from advertisements distributed to a local education centre and 24 students, mainly psychology undergraduates, recruited from Royal Holloway, University of London. The community participants were paid for participation and the students were given the choice of payment ($20) or receiving course credits. The participants were divided into 5 groups, ranging from 5-7 participants in each group. Controls were selected to match the GAP group on age, gender and student vs. community status.
Respondents N =64
 Total N=64; experimental group: N=29, control group N=35.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way right now: A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS ('moment' version)
Author's labelWell-being
Page in publication188
RemarksMean at T1 computed by WDH-team
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Goal setting and planning training (GAP)show  Care
Goal setting and planning training (GAP)show  Course, class, training group, also classified as above ↑
Goal setting and planning training (GAP)show  Goal setting training, also classified as above ↑
Goal setting and planning training (GAP)show  Multiple treatment moments, also classified as above ↑
Goal setting and planning training (GAP)show  Voluntary, unsolicited, also classified as above ↑