Findings on happiness in Martinez-Marti et al. (2010): study ES Madrid 2010

Author(s)Martinez-Marti, M.L.; Avia, M.D.; Hernández-Lloreda, M.J.
TitleThe Effects of Counting Blessings on Subjective Well-Being: A Gratitude Intervention in a Spanish Sample.
SourceThe Spanish Journal of Psychology 2010, Vol. 13, 886 - 896
PublicStudents, participants in a gratitude training, Madrid, Spain, 2010
 Undergraduate psychology students, Universidad Complutense, Madrid.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Participants were volunteers who received course credits in return for their efforts.
Respondents N =105
 Mean age 20.7 years (SD 1.48); 95 women, 10 men.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: gratitude, hassles and any event. They were told that they were going to take part in a study regarding mood. They filled out 15 daily reports, the first one were baseline measures, the other 14 daily measuring their gratitude state, positive and negative affect, physical well-being, sleep quality and appraisals of subjective well-being. At the end of the intervention all the daily measures were taken again, together with measures of gratitude trait, quality of relationshipo with 1 significant person, and sensitivity to the others' needs. 15 days after, they filled out measures of all the variables again, and the significant persons (close relation) estimated the gratitude, well-being and sensitivity to others of the participants. 3 time levels: Pre-test (before the intervention), post-test (directly after the intervention) and a follow-up (2 weeks after the intervention).
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole today? -3 terrible -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 delighted Labels of medium reesponse options not reported
Author's labelSubjective well-being
Page in publication889
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Gratitude writing interventionshow  Actual changes in happiness
Gratitude writing interventionshow  Count blessings/curses, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude writing interventionshow  Exercise, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude writing interventionshow  Gratitude training, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude writing interventionshow  Mono sort, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude writing interventionshow  Multiple treatment moments, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude writing interventionshow  On invitation, payed in money or study credit, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude writing interventionshow  School, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude writing interventionshow  Thankfull, also classified as above ↑