Findings on happiness in Parks (2009): study US Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 2004

Author(s)Parks, A.C.
TitlePositive Psychotherapy: Building a Model of empirically supported Self-Help.
SourcePhD dissertation, 2009, University of Pennsylvania, USA.
PublicParticipants in a happiness training and controls, followed 1 year, Philadelphia, USA, 2004
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Participants were recruited on a voluntary basis by email, and then randomly assigned to an intervention and a control group
Respondents N =37
 Intervention: N=16; controls: N=21 Ethnicity: Caucasion 37%, Asian 6%, Latino 20%, multiracial 20%, unspecified 11% Gender: male 54%, female 46%
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
 Participants completed web-based assessments before and after the 6-week intervention period, as well as 3-months, 6-months, and 1 year after post. Upon completion of the post-assessment, participants received $100 in compensation. They received $50 for each subsequent follow-up completed. During 6 weeks participants in the intervention group completed exercises in Positive Psycho Therapy (PPT). The final session focused on maintenance personalization. The control group did not participate in PPT. Both groups completed the questionnaires at baseline (T1), after 6 weeks (T2), after 3 months (T3), after 6 months (T4) and after 1 year (T5).
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on four questions: Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding. A In most ways my life is close to ideal B The conditions of my life are excellent C I am satisfied with my life D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life Answers rated: 7 strongly agree 6 agree 5 slightly agree 4 neither agree nor disagree 3 slightly disagree 2 disagree 1 strongly disagree Computation: A+B+C+D Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) (In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication16
RemarksWeighed average computed by WDH-team. The original score was divided by 4.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 4 - 28On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.672.78

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Positive psychotherapy trainingH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
Positive psychotherapy trainingH16ae01abCourse, class, training group, also classified as above ↑
Positive psychotherapy trainingH16ae04bMultiple sorts, also classified as above ↑
Positive psychotherapy trainingH16ae03bMultiple treatment moments, also classified as above ↑
Positive psychotherapy trainingH16ae05cOn invitation, no pay, also classified as above ↑
Positive psychotherapy trainingH16ae06bSchool, also classified as above ↑
Positive psychotherapy trainingH16ae01adSupport group with professional, also classified as above ↑
Positive psychotherapy trainingH16ad03mTrainings for multiple mental skills, also classified as above ↑