Findings on happiness in Oh et al. (2014): study US Michigan 2014

Publication
Author(s)Oh, H.J.; LaRose, R.; Ozkaya, E.
TitleHow Does Online Social Networking Enhance Life Satisfaction?The Relationships among Online Supportive Interaction, Affect, Perceived Social Support, Sense of Community, and Life Satisfaction
SourceComputers in Human Behavior, 2014, Vol. 30, 69 - 78
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.07.053
Investigation
PublicInternet users, Michigan, USA, 2014
 age range 18-80 years 93% own a PC, 72% own a smart phone 16% owns a tablet
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
 Students were asked to recruit their friends and family, recruitment was part of a class-project.
Respondents N =339
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentDiary
 Respondents were given a diary survey booklet and asked to record their first session of SNS use each evening over a 5-day period(Sunday-Thursday). The title page of the booklet included a brief introduction about the study including the purpose of the survey and general instructions for keeping the diary. The second page then contained questions about participantsí general SNS use and detailed instructions on how to respond to the questions about their SNS use and feelings after their SNS session on each day.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on four questions: Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding. A In most ways my life is close to ideal B The conditions of my life are excellent C I am satisfied with my life D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life Answers rated: 7 strongly agree 6 agree 5 slightly agree 4 neither agree nor disagree 3 slightly disagree 2 disagree 1 strongly disagree Computation: A+B+C+D Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) (In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
ClassificationO-Sum-u-mq-v-7-a
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication73
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 4 - 28On range 0 - 10
Mean5.227.03
Standard deviation1.021.70


Full textSelfreport on single question: Sofar, I have achieved the most important things I want in life. 1 strongly disagree 2 disagree 3 slightly disagree 4 neither agree, nor disagree 5 slightly agree 6 agree 7 strongly agree Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
ClassificationC-RA-h-sq-v-7-a
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication73
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.207.00
Standard deviation1.312.18


Full textSelfreport on single question: In most ways my life is close to ideal 1 strongly disagree 2 disagree 3 slightly disagree 4 neither agree, nor disagree 5 slightly agree 6 agree 7 strongly agree Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
ClassificationO-V-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication73
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.036.72
Standard deviation1.171.95


Full textSelfreport on single question: The conditions of my life are excellent 1 strongly disagree 2 disagree 3 slightly disagree 4 neither agree, nor disagree 5 slightly agree 6 agree 7 strongly agree Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
ClassificationO-SLC-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication73
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.166.93
Standard deviation1.232.05


Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Appraisal support on social mediashow  Current social support received
Appraisal support on social mediashow  Perceived social support in e-network, also classified as above ↑
Appraisal support on social mediashow  Social media, also classified as above ↑
Appraisal support on social mediashow  Total number of intimate ties, also classified as above ↑
Companionship on social mediashow  Current social support received
Companionship on social mediashow  Perceived reciprocity, also classified as above ↑
Companionship on social mediashow  Perceived social support in e-network, also classified as above ↑
Companionship on social mediashow  Popularity in community, also classified as above ↑
Esteem support on social mediashow  Current satisfaction with self
Esteem support on social mediashow  Current social support received, also classified as above ↑
Esteem support on social mediashow  Perceiced reputation among e-friends, also classified as above ↑
Esteem support on social mediashow  Perceived esteem by friends, also classified as above ↑
Esteem support on social mediashow  Popularity in community, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of social media useshow  Contact on social media
Frequency of social media useshow  Social media, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of social media useshow  Social media, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of social media useshow  Time on internet, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of social media useshow  Time spend on internet, also classified as above ↑
Number of intimate social media friendsshow  Contact on social media
Number of intimate social media friendsshow  Internet, social media, also classified as above ↑
Number of intimate social media friendsshow  Number of 'friends' on social media, also classified as above ↑
Number of intimate social media friendsshow  Social media, also classified as above ↑
Number of intimate social media friendsshow  Social media, also classified as above ↑
Number of intimate social media friendsshow  Total number of intimate ties, also classified as above ↑
Positive and negative affectshow  O-SL by A-AB
Sense of community on social mediashow  Attitudes to friendship
Sense of community on social mediashow  Perceived inclusion in e-friendship network, also classified as above ↑
Sense of community on social mediashow  Perceived quality of intimate ties, also classified as above ↑
Sense of community on social mediashow  Social media, also classified as above ↑
Supportive interaction social media: weekly averageshow  Amount of current support received
Supportive interaction social media: weekly averageshow  Amount of support provided, also classified as above ↑
Supportive interaction social media: weekly averageshow  Internet, social media, also classified as above ↑
Supportive interaction social media: weekly averageshow  Perceived social support in e-network, also classified as above ↑
Supportive interaction social media: weekly averageshow  Social media, also classified as above ↑
Total number of social media friendsshow  Internet, social media
Total number of social media friendsshow  Online friends, also classified as above ↑
Total number of social media friendsshow  Social media, also classified as above ↑
Total number of social media friendsshow  Social media, also classified as above ↑