Findings on happiness in Layous et al. (2018): study US 2014

Author(s)Layous, K.; Chancellor, J.; Kurtz, J.L.; Lyubomirsky, S.
TitleReframing the Ordinary: Imaging Time as Scarce Increases in Wellbeing
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2018, Vol 13, 301 - 308
PublicStudents participating in happiness training, USA, 2014
 Undergraduates, 86 % female, 84 % white, mean age 18,7
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 students were giving course credits in exchange for participation
Respondents N =139
Non ResponseNot available
 139 participants, 28 dropped out during follow-up = 20%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
General remarksyear of data gathering not reported, assumed 2014
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 24 questions A Indicate your agreement with the following statements Aa In most ways my life is close to ideal Ab The conditions of my life are excellent Ac I am satisfied with my life Ad So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life Ae If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing B ; Today I felt. Ba joyful Bb grateful Bc amused Bd content Be proud Bf awed Bg loving Bh hopeful Bi interested Bj angry Bk sad Bl afraid Bm ashamed Bn contemptuous Bo embarrassed Bp guilty Bq disgusted Rating scales not reported Computation: A and b standardized and summed A is Diener's Satisfaction with life Scale SWLS B is Fredrickson's modified Differential Emotions Scale mDES Rated 1 very slight, or not at all 2 little 3 moderate 4 quite a bit 5 extreme Computation: (A to I)/9 - (J to Q)/8 Name: Fredrickson et. al (2003) Differential Emotions Scale (mDES), Today version
Author's labelWell-Being composite
Page in publication304
Remarksbaseline score, groups together
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  Actual changes in happiness
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  Awareness of time, also classified as above ↑
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  Count blessings/curses, also classified as above ↑
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  Exercise, also classified as above ↑
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  Life style awareness training, also classified as above ↑
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  Mono sort, also classified as above ↑
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  Multiple treatment moments, also classified as above ↑
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  On invitation, payed in money or study credit, also classified as above ↑
Time Scarcety Interventionshow  School, also classified as above ↑