Findings on happiness in Niedzwiedz et al. (2015): study ZZ EU 12 2006

Author(s)Niedzwiedz, C.L.; Mitchell, R.; Pell, J.P.
TitleThe Relationship Between Financial Distress and Life-Course Socioeconomic Inequalities in Well-Being: Cross-National Analysis of European Welfare States.
SourceAmerican Journal of Public Health, 2015, Vol. 105, 2090 - 2098
Public50-75 aged, general public, 12 European nations, 2006-2007
Collect period2006-2007
Last assesment2007
Survey nameSHARE
 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, 2006-2009. Wave 2 & 3.
SampleSelection from general population sample
Respondents N =16071
 54,0% women; 46,0% men.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: computer assisted (CAPI)
 face-to-face computer assisted personal interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How satisfied are you with your life? 10 completely satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelWell-beinf, Life satisfaction.
Page in publication2091
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Being employed (paid job)show  Current employment arrangement
Being employed (paid job)show  Current employment status, also classified as above ↑
Financial distress, making ends meetshow  Subjective poverty
Financial distress, making ends meetshow  Sufficiency of current income, also classified as above ↑
Financial distress, making ends meetshow  Worrying about money, also classified as above ↑
Living as single (cohabituation)show  Living as married
Sexe (male vs female)show  Sex (male vs female)
Socio-economic Indexshow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Welfare regimesshow  Public goods in nation