Findings on happiness in Lundberg & Kristenson (2008): study SE 2006

Author(s)Lundberg, J.; Kristenson, M.
TitleIs Subjective Status influenced by Psychosocial Factors?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 89, 375 - 390
Public45-69 aged, South-East, Sweden, 2006
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability area sample
 exclusion criteria were serious disease and severe difficulties in understanding the Swedish language
Respondents N =795
 not all participants answered all questions n for happiness unknown
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 not explicitely reported
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication379
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Cash reserveP12ab03aAvailability of credit
Cash reserveR13abCurrent resources, also classified as above ↑
Cash reserveP12ab07Liquidity, also classified as above ↑
Cash reserveS10ab02Sources of current support, also classified as above ↑
DepressionH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
Difficulty paying billsI01acSufficiency of current income
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
HopelessnessM15ac04cFeeling hopeless (vs not)
HopelessnessL04ac01hHopeful (vs hopeless), also classified as above ↑
MasteryC11ab02Current coping-capacity
MasteryH13adCurrent positive mental health, also classified as above ↑
MasteryL04ac01bIn control (vs drifting), also classified as above ↑
MasteryP05bpInner locus of control, also classified as above ↑
OccupationO01ac01Occupational level
Perceived controlL04ac01bIn control (vs drifting)
Perceived controlP05bpInner locus of control, also classified as above ↑
Perceived controlS02ab01Self-perceived ability, also classified as above ↑
Self-esteemS02aeCurrent satisfaction with self
Self-rated economyI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
Sense of coherenceP05apCoherence (sense of)
Sense of coherenceH13adCurrent positive mental health, also classified as above ↑
ShameV06ab03Victim of bullying
Subjective statusS09ab02Subjective social rank
TrustT04abCurrent trust
TrustP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑
Vital exhaustionC11ab02Current coping-capacity