Findings on happiness in White et al. (1999): study US 1999

Author(s)White, H.; Clipp, E.; McConnell, E.
TitleSurfing the Net in Later Life: A Review of the Literature and Pilot Study of Computer Use and Quality of Life .
SourceThe Journal of Applied Gerontology, 1999, Vol. 18, 358 - 378
Public65+ aged, residents of a retirement community, USA, 1999
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Residents of a retirement community volunteered to participate.
Respondents N =23
 Intervention group: N=15; control group: N=8 Of the initial 19 volunteers 15 volunteers completed the 5-month study. The control group consisted of 8 volunteers who declined participation because of scheduling conflicts, but who were offered computer training AFTER study completion.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 A combination of selfreports and telephone interviews at T1 (before the study), T2 (after 2 weeks of training), and T3 after 5 months
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelAffect Balance Scale
Page in publication364
RemarksThe authors transformed the original -5 to +5 scale to 0-10 Weighed mean computed by WDH-team
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.40

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Computer and internet trainingC08ab01aAbility to use internet
Computer and internet trainingH16acGuidance of vulnerable people (social work), also classified as above ↑
Computer and internet trainingI04aa02bLearned to use internet, also classified as above ↑