Findings on happiness in Sheldon & Lyubomirsky (2009): study US 2004

Author(s)Sheldon, K.M.; Lyubomirsky, S.
TitleChange Your Actions, Not Your Circumstances: An Experimental Test of the Sustainable Happiness Model.
SourceDutt, A.K. and Radcliff, B. (Eds.), 2009, Happiness, Economics and Politics, Chapter 12, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK,
PublicParticipants in a happiness training, USA 200?
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleSampling not reported
Respondents N =113
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
General remarksYear of data gathering not reported, Assumed 2004
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions: Lead item not reported. A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H excited I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Rated: 1: slightly/not at all . . 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
Author's labelaffect balance
Page in publication331
RemarksAverage at T1
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Change activity or circumstanceH16ae02aExercise
Change activity or circumstanceH16ad03gList and practice perceived ways to happiness, also classified as above ↑
Change activity or circumstanceH16ae04aMono sort, also classified as above ↑
Change activity or circumstanceH16ae03aOne-time treatment, also classified as above ↑
Change activity or circumstanceH16agSucces of psychological treatment, also classified as above ↑