Findings on happiness in Kaliterna Lipovcan & Prizmic-Larsen (2016): study HR 2008

Author(s)Kaliterna Lipovcan, L.J.; Prizmic-Larsen, Z.
TitleWhat Differs between Happy and Unhappy People?
SourceSpringerplus, 2016, Vol. 5, 225 - 240
DOIdoi: 10.1186/s40064-016-1929-7
Public18+ aged happy and unhappy people, Croatia, 2008
 10% happiest/unhappiest people selected from a general population survey
Collect periodNovember
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Happy and unhappy people selected from a probability multitage sample among the general public
Respondents N =800
 The happy group: N = 400 The unhappy group: N = 400 Subsamples of the highest and lowest 10% of the primary sample ( N = 4000) of Croatian citizens were here selected
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 The respondents were told that responses were anonymous
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "Generally speaking, how (much) do you feel happy? What score do you give if we put ten for 'extremely happy, zero for extremely unhappy' and five for neither happy nor unhappy'?" 10 extremely happy 9 8 7 6 5 neither happy nor unhappy 4 3 2 1 0 extremely unhappy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication7
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? 0 extremely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely satisfied - don't know - no answer
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication7
RemarksHappy group: Mean = 8.9, SD = 1.77 Unhappy group: Mean = 3.2, SD = 2.08
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
HealthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Involvement in the community lifeL17ac01Attitude to vinicity
Involvement in the community lifeS08abCurrent total social participation, also classified as above ↑
Leisure activitiesL03acCurrent leisure activity
Leisure activitiesL03abCurrent leisure time, also classified as above ↑
Leisure activitiesL03ac02Specific leisure activities, also classified as above ↑
Life SatisfactionH07aa04hO-SL by M-FH
National Wellbeing IndexN04ad05Satisfaction with living conditions in nation
Per capita household incomeI01ab03Household income
Personal Wellbeing IndexL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Trust in peopleT04ab02Trust in people
Trust in the institutionsT04ab01Trust in institutions