Findings on happiness in Knight & Gunatilaka (2011): study CN 2002

Author(s)Knight, J.B.; Gunatilaka, R.
TitleDoes Economic Growth Raise Happiness in China?
SourceOxford Development Studies, 2011, Vol. 39, 1 - 24
PublicAdults, China, 2002
Survey nameCN-CHIP 2002
SampleSelection from general population sample
Respondents N =8872
 Depending on the subsamples and variables entered in the separate analyses N varies between 1100 and 8872
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksResults also published in CSAE Working Paper WPS/2014-09: Subjective well-being and social evaluation in a poor country (2014) by the same authors.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole, do you feel happy nowadays? 0 very unhappy 1 unhappy 2 so-so 3 happy 4 very happy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication4,11,15,16
RemarksUnweighed mean computed by WDH-team from mean urban happiness (M=2,48) and mean rural happiness (M=2,68). Rural-urban migrants: M=2.37
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age and age squaredA04abCurrent age (in years)
Agree that money is importantV02aa01cMaterialism
Average p.c. income in province/ in city (log)R04ab01aAverage income in region
Child still in villageF01aa02Recent change in family situation
Current living standards compared to 5 years agoI01aa02Change in income
Degree of harmony among lineagesF02acFamily climate
Degree of harmony among lineagesI07ab04Perceived quality of intimate ties, also classified as above ↑
Degree of harmony in villageL14abCurrent livability of local environment
DivorcedM02ab03Divorced or separated
Duration of urban residence in yearsL16aa02baLength of residence
Easyness of finding a jobO01ad04Looking for another job
Expected change income over next 5 yearsI01aa02Change in income
Extent of fairness income distribution in the cityL12acAttitudes to economic conditions in vinicity
Extent of fairness, income distribution of ChinaN04adAttitudes to economy in the nation
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Gini of household income p.c. at county levelN14ab02dIncome inequality in nation
Gini of household income p.c. at county levelR04ab03Income inequality in region, also classified as above ↑
Household income compared to village averageI01af04Income comparisons
Household income compared to village averageI01af03Income expectations, also classified as above ↑
Household income compared to village averageI01ae02Relative to neighborhood, also classified as above ↑
Importance of familyF03acAttitudes to family-life
Importance of friendsF06ahAttitudes to friendship
In good healthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Index of discriminationN14ab02fPerceived discrimination in nation
Laid off work sometime in 2002W04WORK: CONDITIONS
Living standard in the cityL12ab05cIncome level in vinicity
Living standard in the cityI01ac04Material standard of living, also classified as above ↑
Living with family membersH20abCurrent household-composition
Log of per capita household incomeI01ab03Household income
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Net wealth ('000 yuan)P12ab01Total wealth
No heatingC10ab03pUtilities
Number of relatives and friends in cityI07ab02Total number of intimate ties
Profit or loss of enterpriseP12ab02aBusiness assets
Satisfaction with jobW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Self-perceived social problemsN01abCurrent attitudes to nation
UnemployedE02ab03Unemployed involuntary
Working hours ('00 per year)E02ad02Hours work