Findings on happiness in Knight & Gunatilaka (2011): study CN 2002

Author(s)Knight, J.B.; Gunatilaka, R.
TitleDoes Economic Growth Raise Happiness in China?
SourceOxford Development Studies, 2011, Vol. 39, 1 - 24
PublicAdults, China, 2002
Survey nameCN-CHIP 2002
SampleSelection from general population sample
Respondents N =8872
 Depending on the subsamples and variables entered in the separate analyses N varies between 1100 and 8872
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksResults also published in CSAE Working Paper WPS/2014-09: Subjective well-being and social evaluation in a poor country (2014) by the same authors.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole, do you feel happy nowadays? 0 very unhappy 1 unhappy 2 so-so 3 happy 4 very happy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication4,11,15,16
RemarksUnweighed mean computed by WDH-team from mean urban happiness (M=2,48) and mean rural happiness (M=2,68). Rural-urban migrants: M=2.37
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Age and age squaredshow  Current age (in years)
Agree that money is importantshow  Materialisic values
Average p.c. income in province/ in city (log)show  Average income in region
Child still in villageshow  Recent change in family situation
Current living standards compared to 5 years agoshow  Change in income
Degree of harmony among lineagesshow  Family climate
Degree of harmony among lineagesshow  Perceived quality of intimate ties, also classified as above ↑
Degree of harmony in villageshow  Current livability of local environment
Divorcedshow  Divorced or separated
Duration of urban residence in yearsshow  Length of residence
Easyness of finding a jobshow  Looking for another job
Expected change income over next 5 yearsshow  Change in income
Extent of fairness income distribution in the cityshow  Attitudes to economic conditions in vinicity
Extent of fairness, income distribution of Chinashow  Attitudes to economy in the nation
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Gini of household income p.c. at county levelshow  Income inequality in nation
Gini of household income p.c. at county levelshow  Income inequality in region, also classified as above ↑
Household income compared to village averageshow  Income comparisons
Household income compared to village averageshow  Income expectations, also classified as above ↑
Household income compared to village averageshow  Relative to neighborhood, also classified as above ↑
Importance of familyshow  Attitudes to family-life
Importance of friendsshow  Attitudes to friendship
In good healthshow  Self-perceived health
Index of discriminationshow  Perceived discrimination in nation
Laid off work sometime in 2002show  WORK: CONDITIONS
Living standard in the cityshow  Income level in vinicity
Living standard in the cityshow  Material standard of living, also classified as above ↑
Living with family membersshow  Current household-composition
Log of per capita household incomeshow  Household income
Marriedshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Net wealth ('000 yuan)show  Total wealth
No heatingshow  Utilities
Number of relatives and friends in cityshow  Total number of intimate ties
Profit or loss of enterpriseshow  Business assets
Satisfaction with jobshow  Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Self-perceived social problemsshow  Current attitudes to nation
Unemployedshow  Unemployed involuntary
Widowedshow  Widowed
Working hours ('00 per year)show  Hours work