Findings on happiness in Demir et al. (2012): study ZZ Various nation sets 2010

Author(s)Demir, M.; Dogan, A.; Ozen, A.
TitleFriendship, Perceived Mattering and Happiness: A Study of American and Turkish College Students.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 2012, Vol. 152, 659 - 664
DOIDOI: 10.1080/00224545.2011.650237
PublicCollege students, Turkish and Southwestern American Universities, 2010
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleSampling not reported
Respondents N =569
 Turkish sample: N = 296, Mean age = 21,14 American sample: N = 273, Mean age = 21,80
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
General remarksassumed, not reported
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions: Lead item not reported. A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H excited I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Rated: 1: slightly/not at all . . 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication660
Error estimatesThe internal consistencies of the composite PA and NA scores in Turkish and American samples were satisfactory (? s = .86-.84 and .84-.81, respectively)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Friendship qualityshow  Satisfaction with friends
Perceived matteringshow  Perceived esteem by friends