Findings on happiness in Leung & Zhang (2000): study HK 1998

Author(s)Leung, J.P.; Zhang, L.W.
TitleModelling Life Satisfaction of Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong.
SourceInternational Journal of Behavioral Development, 2000, Vol. 24, 99 - 104
DOIDOI: 10.1080/016502500383520
PublicChinese adolescents, Hong-Kong, 1998
 Junior high school students in grades seven to nine (average age: 13.4 years)
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 2 classes from each grade in each school were selected
Respondents N =1099
 N = boys: 664, girls: 435
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 The questionnaire was administrated to the students via a teacher from the school., students answered the questionnaire during a regular class period. Responses were anonymous.
General remarksassumed, not reported
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
Author's labelSingle-item life satisfaction
Page in publication101
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.09

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Relationshipshow  Attitudes to school
Relationshipshow  Relations with parents, also classified as above ↑
Relationshipshow  Social climate in school, also classified as above ↑
Self-conceptshow  Current self-characterization
Self-conceptshow  Current self-evaluation, also classified as above ↑
Self-conceptshow  Evaluation of aspects of self, also classified as above ↑
Self-conceptshow  SELF-IMAGE, also classified as above ↑
Self-conceptshow  Self-perceived ability, also classified as above ↑