Findings on happiness in Akay (2012): study DE 1985

Author(s)Akay, A.
TitleHappy Taxpayers? Income Taxation and Well-Being.
SourceDiscussion Paper, 2012, Nr. 6999, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn
Public16-65 aged, taxpayers, Germany, 1985-2010
Last assesment2010
Survey nameDE-SOEP
 26 merged waves 1985-2010
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =188412
 25.000 individuals in 10.000 households. 270.000 individual-year observations, of which 188.412 taxpayers (base-line sample)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelLife satrisfaction
Page in publication6
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.70

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Age squaredshow  Current age (in years)
Disposable incomeshow  disposable income
Net income (log)show  Personal income
Taxes (log)show  Tax
Working hours (log)show  Hours work