Findings on happiness in Ivlevs et al. (2019): study ZZ World samples 2009

Author(s)Ivlevs, A.; Graham, C.; Nikolova, M.
TitleEmigration, Remittances and the Subjective Well-Being of Those Staying Behind.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2019, Vol. 32, 113 - 151
PublicIntimates left behind after migration, Multiple nations, 2009 - 2011
Last assesment2011
Survey nameGallupWorldPoll2009-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =142468
 total n = 144003 with 1535 missing observations for best possible life question. Some countries appear in all three years. The majority (78%) of observations coming from 2009. All samples are probability-based and nationally representative of the population aged 15 and older.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Phone interviews were used where telephone coverage is more than 80%.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Author's labelBest Possible Life
Page in publication137/141
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.21

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Relatives abroadM07afMigration of intimates
RemittancesS10ab02Sources of current support
RemittancesI01ad03Type of income, also classified as above ↑