Findings on happiness in Niimi (2018): study JP 2013

Author(s)Niimi, Y.
TitleWhat Affects Happiness Inequality? Evidence from Japan.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2018, Vol. 19, 521 - 543
URLhttps://doi .org/l 0.1007 /s10902-016-9835-9
Public20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2013
Collect period2013
Survey nameJP Preference Parameter Study 2013
 The survey was conducted annually from 2003-2013 and is basically a panel study, this study uses data of the 2013 wave.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Although a panel study, fresh observations were added in 2004, 2006, and 2009 to overcome attrition
Respondents N =3257
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Overall, how happy would you say you are currently? 10 very happy 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 very unhappy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication527
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textStandard deviation of 0-10 score on single question "overall, how happy would you say you are currently?"
Author's labelInequality of happiness
Page in publication527-528, 534-535
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age and age squaredA04abCurrent age (in years)
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
Employment statusE02ab04Not in labour force, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Has child(ren)C03aa01Ever had children (vs not)
Has loansP12ab03Debts
HomeownershipH22ab01aHouse owned or rented
Household incomeI01ab03Household income
Household sizeH20ab03Number of persons in household
Low time preferenceV01aaEarlier values
Major cityL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Married vs. never marriedM02aa01Married vs never married
No longer married vs. marriedM02ab03Divorced or separated
Poor healthH14ab02dChronic illness
Public pensionsI01ab03Household income
Public pensionsP12ab04Insurances, also classified as above ↑
Risk loverP05coRisk minded
Subjective poverty and wealthS09ab02Subjective social rank
Summed determinantsS15abSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)