Findings on happiness in Scheffel & Zhang (2016): study CN 2011

Author(s)Scheffel, J; Zhang, Y
TitleHow Does Internal Migration Affect the Emotional Health of Elderly Parents Left-Behind?
SourceConference paper, 2016, Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik: Demographischer Wandel - Session: Mental and Physical Health, No. E09-V2
PublicElderly left behind after migration, China, 2011-2013
 age > 59 with working age children aged > 16
Last assesment2013
Survey nameChina Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS)
SampleProbability area sample
Respondents N =6041
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single questions: "Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?" I was happy 0 rarely or none of the time 1 some or a little of the time 2 occasionally or a moderate amount of time 3 most of the time Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale
Author's labelBeing happy
Page in publication28
Remarks60,8 % happy
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
% of migrant childrenC03aa02cLeaving home of children (empty nest)
Child: Above high schoolE01ab02Level of school-education
Child: AgeC04ab01Age of children
Child: IlliterateE01ab04Literacy
Child: MaleG01aaSex (male vs female)
Child: MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Migrant ChildM07af01migration of intimates yes/no
Number of migrant childrenC03aa02cLeaving home of children (empty nest)
Parent: ADL limitationH14ac01Degree of restriction
Parent: Aged above 80A04ab03Age difference among elderly
Parent: Aged [70; 80]A04ab03Age difference among elderly
Parent: Health statusH14ab02Self-perceived health
Parent: IADL limitationH14ac01Degree of restriction
Parent: maleG01aaSex (male vs female)
Parent: WidowedM02ab02Widowed