Findings on happiness in Windsor et al. (2009): study US 2006

Author(s)Windsor, T.D.; Ryan, L.H.; Smith, J.
TitleIndividual Well-Being in Middle and Older Adulthood: Do Spousal Beliefs Matter?
SourceThe Journals of Gerontology Series B, 2009, Vol. 64B, 586 - 596
Public50+aged, married couples, USA, 2006
Survey nameUS-HRS 2006
SampleSelection from general population sample
Respondents N =4564
 Age:M=67.07, sd=9.80, range 30-97; education: m=12.83 years, sd=3.06, range 0-17
Non Response10%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 12 questions: During the past 30 days, how much of the time did you feel ..? A So sad nothing could cheer you up B Nervous C Restless or fidgety D Hopeless E That everything was an effort F Worthless G Cheerful H In good spirits I Extremely happy J Calm and peaceful K Satisfied L Full of life 1 = none of the time (never) 2 = a little of the time 3 = some of the time 4 = most of the time 5 = all of the time ( always) Computation: (G+H+I+J+K+L) - ( A+B+C+D+E+F) Name: Mroczek & Kolarz (1998) Affect Balance Scale (MIDI-affect)
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
Page in publication589
RemarksUnweighed mean and s.d. computed by WDH-team. Husbands: M=12,07, s.d.=0,95; wives: M=11,90, s.d.=0,99
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -24 - 24On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation